Samdech Pichey Sena Tea Banh, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of National Defence of Cambodia, has underscored the importance of Win-Win cooperation, which allows all countries to coexist regardless of size.
A Win-Win cooperation is one that gives mutual gains and mutual interests to all those who participate. This means we have to avoid maximising our interests at the expense of others' interests, he said in his remarks at the 3rd Plenary Session on The Interests of Small and Medium-Size Countries and Common Security of the 9th Beijing Xiangshan Forum, in China on Oct. 22.
The Cambodian DPM also appealed to all countries, including small, medium, and big countries to work together to realise the dream of building a community of shared destiny through the Win-Win approach for the cause of peace, stability, humanity and prosperity in the world.
Moreover, Samdech Tea Banh shared his personal view regarding the role of China which can be considered as a big country but also a unique one. He noted many cooperation and events organised jointly by China and ASEAN and observed that in these events, China treats all counterparts on equal terms and unconditionally regardless of whether a country is big or small in order to maintain friendly relations with everyone.
Besides, Samdech Tea Banh underlined the need to first understand the challenges being faced by small and medium-sized countries before understanding their interests. He thus mentioned three main challenges. First, he pointed out, is that the conventional wisdom and traditional academic theories concern more with the welfare of superpowers. It is believed that peace among superpower is equal to world peace. The welfare and interests of small and medium-sized countries are often sacrificed for the peace between the superpowers.
Second, he continued, is that the world is interdependent. One cannot live alone without any contact with the outside world because such autarkic life would be very unproductive. But as soon as we open to the world, whether we want it or not, we have to deal with the superpowers, and generally not on equal terms.
The inherent contradiction or dialectical nature of international relations itself is, according to Samdech Tea Banh, the third challenges. On the one hand, he explained, countries must seek to maximise its national interests, but on the other hand, they have to adhere by a certain set of moral principles in international relations. Big countries and superpowers can sometimes maximise national interests at the expense of morality. In contrast, while the small and medium-sized countries struggle to achieve their national interests, they are often constrained by the moral principles.
In order to mitigate the risks and overcome challenges facing small and medium countries, the Cambodian government has announced its policy of strengthening internal reforms, expanding friendship internationally based on the principles of sovereignty and independence, said Samdech Tea Banh, adding that increasing the number of international friends including supporting international organisations and institutions is one way in which small and medium-sized countries can overcome challenges. In this sense, Cambodia actively engages and contributes to the ASEAN community-building.
Samdech Pichey Sena also briefed the audience about the achievement of Cambodian peacekeeping forces under the framework of the United Nations.
Source: Agency Kampuchea Press