National Policy Framework Needed to Promote Electric Mobility in Cambodia: World Bank

Cambodia can achieve its ambitious targets for increasing the proportion of electric vehicles (EVs) on its roads if it follows a carefully designed plan to do so, according to a World Bank's report released today. The report, Recommendations to the National Roadmap for Electric Mobility Transition, provides recommendations for Cambodia's on-going efforts to develop a national policy framework to promote electric mobility. The report provides views on how to navigate the transition away from a market dominated by imported used gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles. It makes recommendations about how to increase both the demand and supply of EVs, and how to prepare for increased demand for power necessary for EV charging. In December 2021, the Royal Government of Cambodia set a goal of becoming a carbon-neutral economy by 2050. The government strategy for decarbonising transportation includes targets of electrifying 70 percent of motorcycles and 40 percent of cars and urban buses by 2050. It also aims for p ublic transport to carry 30 percent of passenger transport demand in cities by 2050. As Cambodia continues its economic growth, it is estimated that total motor vehicles in active circulation could increase from the current level of 6 million to pass 8 million by 2030 and 14 million by 2050. Currently, the number of EVs running in Cambodia is less than 1,000. "Moving towards electric vehicles is an achievable target and will help Cambodia achieve its ambitious carbon neutrality goal," said World Bank Country Manager Ms. Maryam Salim. "However, it requires a careful assessment of trade-offs. While Cambodians currently benefit from low-priced used vehicles imported from overseas, this comes at a huge environmental cost and will hinder the uptake of EVs. We are committed to helping the government navigate this transition and find feasible ways of moving forward,' she said. To ensure that vehicles newly entering circulation in Cambodia are predominantly EVs rather than gasoline or diesel-fueled vehicles, Cam bodia will need to reform vehicle import and usage regulations using a progressive approach. It is also recommended to implement policies requiring the mandatory retirement of gasoline- or diesel-fueled vehicles at certain age, which would raise demand for new vehicles and enable electric vehicles to break into the market sooner. In the short-term, the transition to EVs in Cambodia is expected to be driven by motorcycles and tuk-tuks. "Promoting electric vehicles presents an opportunity for Cambodia to decarbonise transport, achieve the country's ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions, and reach carbon neutrality by 2050," said Secretary of State at the Ministry of Economy and Finance H.E. Ros Seilava. "This can also help Cambodia integrate with regional and global supply chains, boosting industrial development and job creation,' he said. Cambodia registered 604 new electric vehicles (EVs) in 2023, bringing the total number to 1,335 in the country, said a report from the Ministry of Public Works a nd Transport, adding that currently, EV charging stations are available at 18 locations in the country. Source: Agence Kampuchea Presse